Fujiwara no Tadamichi (March 15, 1079 – March 13, 1164)
The warrior statesman Fujiwara no Tadamichi was born the eldest son of the Kampaku, Fujiwara no Tadazane and and followed in his father’s footsteps to become Kampaku (Chief Advisor to the Emperor, originally a title before the creation of Shogun) in 1121. Two years later he would be appointed Sessho (A regent who acts on behalf of a child emperor) to Emperor Sutoku, and Dajo Daijin (Chancellor of the Realm) in 1129.
Tadamichi had five sons, all of whom would play major roles in Heian Period Japanese politics and warfare. His daughter Masako married Emperor Sutoku, his two adopted daughters, Ikushi and Teishi, also married emperors, while his other daughter Shimeko was a concubine of Emperor Konoe.
During the Hogo Rebellion, the short civil war in the summer of 1156 which erupted over an Imperial succession dispute, Tadamichi sided with Emperor Go-Shirakawa, while his brother, Yorinaga, supported Emperor Sutoku. Sutoku’s cause would be futile, and Yorinaga was killed mid battle.
Fujiwara no Tadamichi’s remaining memoirs were published as Hoshoji Kampaku-ki. A manuscript hand written by Tadamichi and kept in the Kyoto National Museum is a National Treasure.
Tadamichi died March 13, 1164, aged 68, two days short of his birthday, March 15.